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Parthenon (1973)

The Parthenon, a 5th century BCE monument to Athena, has become the de facto symbol of Athens and of Classical Greece. Parthenon means “temple of the virgin,” and refers to the virgin birth of Athena. Unlike other examples of parthenogenesis (insects or amphibians that develop from their mother’s unfertilized eggs), Athena sprang fully grown from head of Zeus, the (male) Commander-in-Chief of Greek deities. In addition to her duties as patroness of Athens and goddess of city-states, Athena was the goddess of wisdom, battle, and crafts.


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